Article Diary - General Knowledge Digest

Pneumococcal Disease - Causes, Symptoms, Risk factors and Preventions

What is Pneumococcal Disease?

Pneumococcal (pronounced new-mo-cockle) disease describes a group of illness caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus.

It is serious infection that occurs most commonly in children, particularly those under 2 years of age.

The Pneumococcal bug can cause meningitis (infection of the lining of the brain) pneumonia (infection of lung) septicaemia (blood infection), as well as otitis media (infection in the middle ear).

Pneumococcal DiseaseWhat are these illnesses?

Pneumococcal Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spiral cord. Your brain and spiral cord are responsible for every thing you feel, think and do.

Meningitis can cause serious and sometimes permanent disabilities including hearing loss, paralysis, mental retardation and death. Symptoms include fever, lethargy or drowsiness, vomiting and stiff neck or legs.

Becteraemia, sometimes referred to as ‘blood poisoning’ occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream and cause infection of the blood. Bacteraemia can also develop into meningitis. Symptoms include fever, irritability, rapid breathing and lack of ability to console your child.

Pneumonia, also known as inflammation of the lungs. Symptoms include cough, chest congestion, and production of phlegm, fever and chills/shaking. These illness can emerge rapidly. Identifying symptoms early and acting quickly is vital.

Ottis Media or Middle Ear infection can also result from infection with Strepococcus pneumoniae, although there are several other causes of this illness. Symptoms include ear-ache, fever and frequent tugging of the ear.

How serious is Pneumococcal Disease?

Pneumococcal disease can be very serious. It may cause permanent hearing loss, brain damage and death.

Pneumococcal disease can impact the quality of life for a child and the entire family. Just think of the time spent nursing and ill child; the trips to the doctor, absence from work, even getting a young child to take medication can be time consuming. If the child requires hospitalization, the burden and the worry can be even greater.

Risk factors for invasive Pneumococcal Disease in infants and young children

Some groups are at particularly high risks:

  • Age
  • Recent day-care attendance.
  • At least one recent course of antibiotics.
  • History of recent ear infection.
  • Other groups at high risk include children with chronic disease or those who are immuno-compromised.

How do children catch Pneumococcal Disease?

The Pneumococcal bug is carried in the nose and throat of healthy adults and children. It can be passed from one child to another in droplets that are released into the air by sneezing and coughing.

Most children become carries at some time or other-but not all will become sick.

Pneumococcal disease is more common in young, children than adults because young children lack the right type of antibodies to fight the bacteria.

How do you treat and prevent Pneumococcal Disease?

Meningitis and septicaemia can develop very quickly so it is vital that treatment is provided without delay.

Antibiotics are used to treat these diseases and are effective in most cases if started in time.

However, a small number of bacteria are resistant to some antibiotics, which results in longer periods in hospital with greater cost. Further in many parts of the world, widespread use of antibiotics has caused them to be increasingly ineffective. This is a growing concern in the case of Pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal disease can be prevented by a series of vaccination for your children.

The benefits of vaccination against Pneumococcal Disease?

Vaccination can help prevent the disease as well as reduce the spread of the becteria to other children. Vaccination may also reduce antibiotic resistance. Vaccination against Pneumococcal disease can save lives!

Attached Files
There are no attachments for this article.
Comments
There are no comments for this article. Be the first to post a comment.
Name
Email
Security Code Security Code
Related Articles RSS Feed
What is Hepatits A?
Viewed 1619 times since Mon, Feb 22, 2010
How to Get Rid of Lost Libido in Women
Viewed 1308 times since Mon, Jul 4, 2011
What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma Symptoms, Treatment & Risks
Viewed 1384 times since Mon, Feb 8, 2010
Vaccines - Why Your Children Should Get Them?
Viewed 1319 times since Wed, Feb 24, 2010
Haemophilus Influenzae Type B - Causes and Symptoms
Viewed 1300 times since Mon, Feb 22, 2010
How to Maintain Good Health?
Viewed 1454 times since Thu, Jan 21, 2010
Understanding the Benefits of taking vitamins
Viewed 1123 times since Sun, Jul 31, 2011
Find How to Keep Healthy - What should you eat?
Viewed 1479 times since Thu, Feb 11, 2010
Workout Tips for Men to gain muscle quickly
Viewed 1773 times since Fri, Dec 28, 2012
MENU