Archimedes – Invention of the famous Archimedean law, discovery of the principles of lever and specific gravity.
Avogadro – An Italian scientists known for Avogadro’s hypo-thesis.
Becquarrel – Radio-activity of uranium.
Baird J.L. – Television.
Benjamin Franklin – Lightning conductor.
Bhabha H.J. – Research in cosmic rays and quantum theory.
Binet – Intelligence tests.
Bose, J.C. – Cresco graph.
Bose, S.N. – Discovery of nuclear particles ‘Boson’.
Bohr – Electron Theory, Atomic structure.
Bunsen – Spectroscope.
Bushwell – Submarine.
Carothers – Nylon Plastics.
Cavendish – Discovery of hydrogen, rare gases, chemical composition of water.
Charles Darwin – Theory of Evolution; Origin of Species.
Curie, Madame – Radium.
Democritus – (Greek Philosopher) – Atomic theory.
Dewar – Thermos flask.
Einstein – Theory of relativity.
Fahrenheit – Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which freezing point is – 32 o and boiling point is 212o.
Farady – Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis.
Fermi – Artificial splitting of atoms.
Freud – Psycho-analysis.
Gay Lussac – Law of gases.
Herschel. William – Discovered the planet Uranus.
Hertz – Electrical waves.
Hoffman – Aniline dye.
Kelvin, Lord – Dynamic theory of heat.
Khorana, Dr. Hargovind – Interpretation of genetic code.
Lockyer – Helium gas.
Louis Braille – Discovered and perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind.
Marconi – Wireless telegraphy, radio.
Maxwell – Electromagnetic theory of light.
Mendel – Laws of heredity.
Mendeleev – Periodic table.
Millikan, R.A. – Cosmic rays.
Nobel – Dynamite.
Otto Hahn – Discovery of uranium fission.
Planck – Quantum theory.
Priestley – Discovery of oxygen.
Raman C.V. – ‘Raman Effect’.
Ramnathan – Molecular scattering of light in fluids.
Ramanujam – A great Indian mathematician.
Ramsay – Discovery of inert gases like argon, Helium, Neon etc.
Robert Mallet – Seismograph.
Roger Bacon – Discovery of gun powder.
Rontgen – Discovery of X-rays.
Stephenson – British Engineer to put locomotive on the line.
Thomson J.J. – Discovered electron.
Urey – Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen.
Wadia D.N. – Meteorology.
Ykawa. Hideki – Meson.
Article ID: 242
Created: Sat, Jan 16, 2010
Last Updated: Tue, Jan 19, 2010
Online URL: https://www.articlediary.com/article/pioneers-in-science-physics-and-chemistry-242.html