Article Diary - General Knowledge Digest

British Rule In India

The British Rule in Indian History

The British Empire in India was founded by Clive. He was the representative of the East India Company in India. He was twice the head of the administration – first from 1757-60 and second from 1765-67.

Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daullah at the decisive battle of Plassey in 1757. He gave stability and political status to East India Company by acquiring the Diwani rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.

Warren Hastings (1774-1785) – He was the first Governor General of India. He affected many reforms in the administration of the East India Company. He consolidated the Company’s position in Bengal. He stemmed the tide of the increasing influence of the Marahattas. Clive laid the foundation of British rule in India; Warren Hastings strengthened it.

Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856) – It was under his Governor Generalship that the British fought the Second Sikh War in (1848-49). He also fought the Second Burmese War in (1852-53) and annexed Burma and Pegu to Indian dominion. He devised the notorious Doctrine of Lapse by which he annexed the states of Satara, Jhansi, Nagpur, Jaipur and Sambalpur. He affected many social reforms in India.

The first railway line in India was inaugurated in 1853 during his Governor Generalship.

Lord Canning (1856-1862) – He was the last Governor General of India. In 1858 the post was designated as Governor General and Viceroy. The Chief event of his time was the first war of Indian Independence which broke out in 1857.

Attached Files
There are no attachments for this article.
There are no comments for this article. Be the first to post a comment.
Security Code Security Code
Related Articles RSS Feed
Measurement of Sports Fields
Viewed 2027 times since Sat, Jan 2, 2010
Units of Measurement
Viewed 1770 times since Sat, Dec 19, 2009
Medical Terminology - Meanings of Common Medical Terms
Viewed 1717 times since Tue, Jan 12, 2010
Stock Market Quiz - Stock Market Quiz Questions With Answers
Viewed 2355 times since Tue, Jan 12, 2010
CTRL+ALT+DEL Nice Information
Viewed 1292 times since Tue, Dec 29, 2009
Trade Names - Quiz Questions and Answers
Viewed 1458 times since Thu, Dec 31, 2009
Top 10 Countries With High Population Density
Viewed 3214 times since Sat, Jul 3, 2010
13-year-old becomes youngest to top Mount Everest
Viewed 1046 times since Fri, May 21, 2010