Article Diary - General Knowledge Digest

British Rule In India

The British Rule in Indian History

The British Empire in India was founded by Clive. He was the representative of the East India Company in India. He was twice the head of the administration – first from 1757-60 and second from 1765-67.

Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daullah at the decisive battle of Plassey in 1757. He gave stability and political status to East India Company by acquiring the Diwani rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.

Warren Hastings (1774-1785) РHe was the first Governor General of India. He affected many reforms in the administration of the East India Company. He consolidated the Company’s position in Bengal. He stemmed the tide of the increasing influence of the Marahattas. Clive laid the foundation of British rule in India; Warren Hastings strengthened it.

Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856) – It was under his Governor Generalship that the British fought the Second Sikh War in (1848-49). He also fought the Second Burmese War in (1852-53) and annexed Burma and Pegu to Indian dominion. He devised the notorious Doctrine of Lapse by which he annexed the states of Satara, Jhansi, Nagpur, Jaipur and Sambalpur. He affected many social reforms in India.

The first railway line in India was inaugurated in 1853 during his Governor Generalship.

Lord Canning (1856-1862) – He was the last Governor General of India. In 1858 the post was designated as Governor General and Viceroy. The Chief event of his time was the first war of Indian Independence which broke out in 1857.


5 (2)
Article Rating (2 Votes)
Rate this article
Attached Files
There are no attachments for this article.
Comments
There are no comments for this article. Be the first to post a comment.
Name
Email
Security Code Security Code
Related Articles RSS Feed
First in Sports - Sports General Knowledge Quiz Questions
Viewed 1813 times since Sat, Dec 12, 2009
List of Current Governors of States in India
Viewed 2238 times since Mon, Feb 29, 2016
Earth Day Quotes and Slogans
Viewed 1873 times since Wed, Apr 21, 2010
Why do we dream?
Viewed 1674 times since Fri, Aug 13, 2010
13 emerging natural wonders of the world
Viewed 2821 times since Sat, Nov 14, 2009
India Old Currency Notes - Old Indian Currency
Viewed 2933 times since Mon, May 3, 2010